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Categories: Book printing >> Support Center
Brief Introductions to CPSIA in Offset Printing Jobs
Origin:Image Printing  Data: 8/17/2011  Keywords: Book Printers, Hardcover Book Printing
On August 14, 2008, American President signed into law of House Bill HR 4040, which strengthens Consumer Product Safety Commission and restrictions on certain Phthalates and Lead, and also requires mandatory testing and tracing labeling. This will be critical for China book printers to understand in moving forward with their overseas manufacturing offset printing jobs. The act is a chalenge to much more book printers, but a chance to few book printers too. For those book printers who paid much more attention to product safety ago, they can enforces their advantages to win much more business. But for much more book printers who would not improve their performance, they definitely would loose much advanced markets.
There are some highlights as below.
•        The ASTM Voluntary Toy Safety Standard becomes MANDATORY within 180 days. The guidelines are now a mandatory requirement of products aimed at children under the age of 12 years.
•        The allowable levels of lead CONTENT (not paint) in a product will be set at 600 ppm within 180 days, 300 ppm after one year and 100ppm after 3 years.
•        The allowable levels of lead in paint will be reduced from 600 ppm to 90 ppm. The major point to understand is that there is not any exemption for surface coatings or printing inks that become a surface coating on hardcover book printing jobs.
•        Testing of children's products by an accredited testing agency will become mandatory.
•        Specific TRACING labeling requirements will be developed within one year.
•        The act prohibits the sale of children's toys or child care products that contain over 0.1% of three phthalates - DEHP (Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate) - DBP (Dibutyl phthalate) - BP (benzyl butyl phthalate).
•        The act TEMPORARILY prohibits the sale of products small enough to be put into a child's mouth that contain the following three phthalates - DINP (diisononyl phthalate) - DIDP (diisodecyl phthalate) - DnOP (di-n-octyl phthalate). This will be temporary on these and other phthalates pending review by the Chronic Hazard Advisory Panel.
There are also new rules governing All terrain vehicle (ATVs). It also affects any product that is subject to anything the CPSC regulates by requiring certificates of conformance which state that the product was tested to conform to the regulations it is subject to hardcover book printing jobs.


The legislation reduces the limit of lead allowed in surface coatings or paint in hardcover book printing jobs to 90 ppm (from the current limit of 600 ppm) effective on 14 August 2009.

The legislation reduces the amount of total lead content in children's products to

  • 600 ppm by 10 February 2009
  • 300 ppm by 14 August 2009
  • 100 ppm by 14 August 2011, unless not technically feasible. A public hearing may take place in February 2011 on this issue.

The Falvey Opinion (named for Cheryl Falvey, General Counsel for the CPSC) issued on 12 September 2008 stated that these limits would be retroactively applied to products on retailer's shelves on the dates indicated.


As of 10 February 2009, it shall be unlawful for any person to manufacture for sale, distribute in commerce, or import any children's toy or childcare article that contains the phthalates DEHP, DBP, or BBP at levels higher than 0.1 percent.

The legislation bans from any children's toy that can be put in a child's mouth or childcare articles phthalates DINP, DIDP, and DnOP at levels higher than 0.1% on an interim basis until a report from the Chronic Hazard Advisory Panel (CHAP) is received, after which the CPSC can continue the prohibition by rule.

CPSC General Counsel Falvey provided an advisory opinion on 17 October 2008 that the phthalate ban does not apply to children's footwear. Falvey provided an additional opinion on 17 November 2008 that the ban does not apply to wearing apparel, but does apply to toy costumes, bibs, sleepwear. Notably in its distinction from the lead ruling of 12 September 2008, the phthalate ban will apply to articles manufactured on or after 10 February 2009. However, the decision was challenged by the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and Public Citizen in the New York Southern District Court and set aside by Judge Paul Gardephe on 5 February 2009.

Mandatory testing

The legislation requires that every manufacturer of a product subject to a consumer product safety rule will provide a "General Conformity Certificate" to certify, based on unit testing or a reasonable testing program, that the product complies with all safety rules. This requirement was imposed on every product manufactured on or after 12 November 2008. The certificate must:

  1. be in English
  2. list the name, address, and phone number of the manufacturer, importer, and/or private labeler issuing the certificate and any third party testing facility
  3. list the date and place of manufacture and date and place of testing
  4. list the contact information of the records keeper
  5. list each applicable rule, standard, and ban

These certificates must accompany the product through the distribution chain through the retailer. They must be available to the CPSC during any inspection.

Children's products are singled out for third party testing by this Act. A schedule for testing is found in Section 102(a)(3)(B) and shows:

Test Standard

Publication of Accreditation Procedure Third Party Testing Required

Lead Paint

22 September 2008

21 December 2008

Cribs and Pacifiers

22 October 2008

20 January 2009

Small Parts

17 November 2008

15 February 2009

Metal Jewelry

December 2008

March 2009

Baby Bouncers, Walkers, and Jumpers

March 2009

June 2009

300 ppm Lead Content

May 2009

August 2009 (stayed until 2/10/11)

CPSC Children's Product Safety Rules

June 2009

September 2009

The third party testing requirement for lead content was originally set by the CPSIA at 600 ppm, but dropped to 300 ppm in August, 2009. However, these lead content testing requirements were stayed by the CPSC in January 2009 until February 10, 2010. In December 2009, this stay of enforcement was further extended until February 10, 2011. In both cases, the CPSC cited a need to implement further rulemaking and to give manufacturers more time to comply.


UP -- Book Printers FSC Workflow
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As a professional book printing factory in China, Image Printing Packaging Ltd focus on book printing and packaging printing mainly for oversea and domestic customers. We are located in Shenzhen city, the book printing and packaging printing industrial center of China and even worldwide. Please be kindly note we offer a wide range of professional customed printing service with aggressive prices
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