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Categories: Book printing >> Support Center
Open market for commercial printing companies
Origin:Image Printing  Data: 4/19/2011  Keywords: commercial printing companies

Independent reps or book printing firms (??bag-carrying agents?.) are appointed to promote and represent the books in specified countries :C usually but not always in open markets. Carrying many publishers?. lists, they are based in the UK or abroad. They receive a commission of from 10 to 15 per cent on net sales revenue from the territory. In mainland Europe, especially, such reps face a loss of commission on orders sent to UK wholesalers instead of via the rep or direct to their publisher, and also on internet sales.
In the open commerical printing market :C countries outside the closed Printing and Packaging Companies markets of the exclusive stockholding agents (and of the publisher?.s overseasfirms) :C the publisher deals directly with the local book trade. However, non-exclusive distribution arrangements may be made with certain local ??preferential?. stockists (such as wholesalers) which receive more favourable terms from the publisher. The local booksellers can order either directly from the publisher or from the stockist. Some stockists also promote and sales-represent the publisher?.s books.

In a general sense book printing service used in economics and political economy, an open market refers to a market which is accessible to all economic actors. In an open market so defined, all economic actors have an equal opportunity of entry in that market. This contrasts with a protected market in which entry is conditional on certain financial and legal requirements or which is subject to tariff barriers, taxes, levies or state subsidies which effectively prevent some economic actors from participating in them. Economists then judge the openness of markets according to the amount of government regulation of those markets, the scope for competition, and the absence or presence of local cultural customs which get in the way of trade.

      In principle, a fully open market is a completely free market in which all economic actors can trade without any external constraint. In reality, few markets exist which are open to that extent, since they usually cannot operate without an enforcible legal framework for trade which guarantees security of property, the fulfillment of contractual obligations associated with transactions, and the prevention of cheating. The concept of an open market in this general sense is sometimes criticized on the ground that participation in it is conditional on having sufficient money, income or assets. Lacking sufficient money, income or assets, people may be effectively excluded from participation. Thus, whereas people may have sufficient funds to participate in some markets, their funds are inadequate to participate in other markets. This raises the question of whether markets are ever truly "open", and suggests that the "openness" of markets is more a relative concept. In response to this type of criticism, the concept of open market is often redefined to mean a situation of free competition, and the inability to participate is explained as a lack of competitiveness. On this view, if people were more competitive they would be able to participate, and thus their lack of funds is due to their unwillingness to compete for resources. On this view, lack of participation in an open market is either a subjective preference or a personal defect.

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As a professional book printing factory in China, Image Printing Packaging Ltd focus on book printing and packaging printing mainly for oversea and domestic customers. We are located in Shenzhen city, the book printing and packaging printing industrial center of China and even worldwide. Please be kindly note we offer a wide range of professional customed printing service with aggressive prices
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